Technical Implementation of Halotherapy

The most advanced method of treatment with the help of salt aerosol is a controlled halotherapy.

Controlled HT ensures the establishment and sustaining all method parameters, differential dosing and control over the level of salt aerosol in the course of a treatment procedure.

Medical Class IIa Halogenerator HaloPrima-02M (Halomed UAB, Lithuania)
Halogenerator HaloPrima-o2M (Halomed UAB, Lithuania)

Generation, dosing of dry salt aerosol and control over aerosol environment are provided by the dosing halogenerators with concentration probes.

Natural salt grinding is executed right inside the devices, and derived salt particles acquire high surface energy. Dry salt particles are picked up by an air flow generated inside the halogenerators, after that are separated and supplied by an air stream through a duct into a treatment room. The inbound sodium chloride aerosol contains mostly the respirable particles (80% at least). Halogenerators design enables setting of different levels and ranges of salt aerosol concentrations within the limits from 0.5 to 10 mg/m3 (several concentration modes are recommended for different groups of patients in accordance with the method of controlled halotherapy).

The level of aerosol concentration is being constantly checked. Aerosol environment is extremely agile and fast responsive to various factors (number of patients in a room, their respiratory volumes, current temperature, humidity, air velocity, etc.). That’s why a probe shall be installed in a room for continuous monitoring of mass aerosol concentration. To sustain microclimate parameters, a feedback system is deployed. Halogenerators’ microprocessor processes the signals from a probe and sustains a required salt aerosol concentration, automatically adjusting to varying conditions in a room. A microprocessor unit can also provide control of lighting and ventilation. In a treatment room a microclimate with temperatures 20-24ºC and humidity 40-60% is sustained.

No special substances are required for grinding and extracting dry salt aerosol, a consumable salt is used (without iodine additives and anti-caking agents) or chemically pure pharmacopoeial salt. This salt enjoys a permanent consistency and a small share of premixes.

The walls can be covered with salt mostly for aesthetic purpose. The walls coated with salt also help to absorb sound, sustain the temperature, humidity and atmospheric hypobacterial environment in interaction with salt aerosol.